This book addresses how computers affect people's everyday lives. Using actual situations and problems that people have encountered with current software applications, this book offers academics ways to examine how new situations are created through computer use. It contains some of the very first papers on very important topics including the AEGIS disaster, the intriguing new world of MUD environments, and community networks, including a study of "Community Memory" in Berkeley, possibly the world's first community computer system. The first half contains critical studies, in which the authors explain ways of describing real situations where people are already using computers. This situations are often problematic and much more complicated than the scenarios that the designers envisioned when designing the system. The second half of the book contains constructive studies, reporting experiences in trying to build systems in new ways, with a fully developed consciousness of what people need and the interactions between computer systems and social systems.
`If only one thing could be said about this book is that it comes at the perfect time and fills a great void on the subject it addresses. Genetically Modified Organisms are innovative-so have to be the answers to the legal questions raised by their development: What should be the definition of damage? Who should be held liable? Where should claims be brought? The Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety have been discussing these issues for many years and are now ready to give some answers by means of a new multilateral environmental treaty. The comprehensive analysis and comparative data put forth by the authors contribute enormously to the current debate and provide detailed insights into the nuances of international liability in a manner previously unaddressed.'---Jimena Nieto Carrasco, University of the Andes, El Rosario University, Externado University of Colombia, Bogota, Colombia
Does humanity have a moral obligation to emphasize nanotechnology's role in addressing the critical public health and environmental problems of our age? This well crafted book explores this idea by analyzing the prospects for a macroscience nanotechnology-for-environmental sustainability project in areas such as food, water and energy supply, medicine, healthcare, peace and security. Developing and applying an innovative science-based view of natural law underpinning a global social contract, it considers some of the key scientific and governance challenges such a global project may face. The book concludes that the moral culmination of nanotechnology is a Global Artificial Photosynthesis (GAP) project. It argues that the symmetric patterns of energy creating photosynthesis, life and us, are shaping not only the nanotechnological advances of artificial photosynthesis, but also the ethical and legal norms likely to best govern such scientific achievements to form a sustainable existence on this planet. Nanotechnology for a Sustainable World will appeal to many generations of scientists and policymakers working to improve our world in public health, environmental sustainability and renewable energy and nanotechnology. It will also be a valuable resource for similarly motivated students of chemistry, physics, biology, nanotechnology, photosynthesis, as well as environmental and energy ethics, law and policy.
With Forming a New Government, students will examine the choices that were made after the colonies decided they wanted to form a new country. This nonfiction reader explores some of the ideas and opinions of what the country should do with the rising tension among the American Colonies and Great Britain, and also looks at the Constitution of the United States, Connecticut Compromise, and Bill of Rights. Fuel a curiosity for learning with these nonfiction readers filled with primary source material. Artifacts from long ago offer students a snapshot of what life was like back then. Build literacy and subject content knowledge with this nonfiction reader that explores US history, geography, and other social studies topics. Forming a New Government provides access to every type of learner with appropriately leveled content and contains text features such as captions, bold print, glossary, and index to increase understanding and build academic vocabulary. Aligned to McREL, WIDA/TESOL, NCSS/C3 Framework and other state standards, this text readies students for college and career readiness.
This two-volume set within the "SAGE Reference Series on Leadership" tackles issues relevant to leadership in the realm of science and technology. To encompass the key topics in this arena, this handbook features 100 topics arranged under eight headings. Volume One concentrates on general principles of science and technology leadership and includes sections on social-scientific perspectives on science and technology leadership; key scientific concepts about leading and innovating in science and technology; characteristics of science and technology leaders and their environments; and, strategies, tactics, and tools in science and technology. Volume Two provides case studies of leadership in science and technology, with sections considering leadership in informal communities of scientists and engineers; leadership in government projects and research initiatives; leadership in industry research, development, and innovation; and, finally, leadership in education and university-based research. By focusing on key topics within 100 brief chapters, this unprecedented reference resource offers students more detailed information and depth of discussion than typically found in an encyclopedia entry but not as much jargon, detail or density as in a journal article or a research handbook chapter. Entries are written in language and style that is broadly accessible, and each is followed by cross-references and a brief bibliography and further readings. A detailed index and an online version of the work enhances accessibility for today's student audience.
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